Introduction : How do you know you are suited to be a scientist. How to undertake that very important postdoctoral research -- Skills for a better researcher. How to recognise a good idea ; How to make significant discoveries ; How to write a successful grant proposal ; How to assess research risks ; How to set up, lead and care for your research team ; How to publish one's results ; How to communicate your results ; How to manage your time ; How to use a SWOT analysis to good effect ; How to use social media for your work ; How to avoid the travails of a research manager (or the pitfall of ending up not doing science) ; How to coexist with competitors ; How to deal with criticism ; How, and when, to effect collaborations ; How to hold to a vision including avoiding politics and carrying on regardless of managerialism -- Being a good science research citizen. How to referee grant proposals ; How to referee science articles ; How to write a balanced book review ; How to be a science research editor ; How to chair meetings -- Skills for being an educator. How to teach your subject to undergraduates ; How to supervise PhD postgraduate students ; How to be a good mentor -- Skills for realizing wider impacts. How to reach out to wider audiences and explain your research ; How to handle your inventions, patents and services to industry ; How to help improve gender equality -- Leadership posts. How do you know if you really want to be head of a department ; How to lead your learned society if you are elected as its president ; How to lead your research community as an instrument scientist -- Ethics, global development, policy and the organisation of science. How to retain your own piece of mind: the ethical aspects ; How to make your role a global one ; How to make your input into science policy ; How would you change the organisation of global science if you were in charge for one day.